Laureates of the Japan Prize

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Dr. Victor A. McKusick

2008 (24th) Japan Prize Laureate

Field
Medical Genomics and Genetics
Achievement
Establishment of medical genetics and contributions to its development
Commemorative Lecture
A personal 60-year overview
Nationality: USA
Date of Birth: October 21 1921
Academic Degrees:
1940-1943 Tufts University (no degree)
1946 M.D., Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Professional Career:
1946-1947 Intern, Osler Medical Clinic, Johns Hopkins Hospital
1947-1948 Assistant resident, Osler Medical Clinic, Johns Hopkins
1948-1950 Executive Chief, Cardiovascular Unit, US Marine Hospital, Baltimore
1950-1951 Senior Assistant Resident, Johns Hopkins Hospital
1951-1952 Hospital and Resident Physician, Johns Hopkins Hospital
1953-Present Physician, Johns Hopkins Hospital
1947-1951 Assistant in Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
1951-1954 Instructor in Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
1954-1956 Assistant Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
1956-1960 Associate Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
1957-1973 Chief, Division of Medical Genetics. Dept. of Medicine,
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
1958-1969 Assistant Professor of Epidemiology,
Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health
1960-Present Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
1969-Present Professor of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University
School of Hygiene and Public Health
1969-Present Professor of Biology, Johns Hopkins University
1973-1985 Chairman, Department of Medicine and Physician-in-Chief, Johns Hopkins Hospital
1985-Present University Professor of Medical Genetic, Johns Hopkins University
Title: University Professor of Medical Genetics, the McKusick- Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine at the Johns Hopkins University
Major Publications:
  1. Jeghers, H., McKusick, V.A., Katz, K.H.: Generalized intestinal polyposis and melanin spots of the oral mucosa, lips and digits. New Engl J Med 211: 993-1005, 1031-1036, 1949.
  2. Porter, I. H., Schulze, J. and McKusick, V. A.: Genetical linkage between the loci for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and colour-blindness in American Negroes. Ann. Hum. Genet. 26: 107-122, 1962.
  3. Donahue, R. P., Bias, W. B., Renwick, J. H. and McKusick, V.A. Probable assignment of the Duffy blood group locus to chromosome 1 in man. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 61: 949-955, 1968.
  4. McKusick, V. A. and Ruddle, F. H.: The status of the gene map of the human chromosomes. Science 196:390-405, 1977.
  5. McKusick, V. A.: The morbid anatomy of the human genome: A review of gene mapping in clinical medicine (Four parts). Medicine 65:1-33, 1986; 66:1-63, 1987; 66:237-296, 1987; 67:1-19, 1988.
  6. McKusick, V.A.: The anatomy of the human genome: a neo-Vesalian basis for medicine in the 21st century. JAMA 286: 2289-2295, 2001.
  7. McKusick, V.A.: Mendelian Inheritance in Man. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 1966 (1st edition); 1998 (12th edition in 3 volumes). Online version OMIM, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/omim.
Major Honors and Awards:
  • John Phillips Award, American College of Physicians for distinguished contribution, internal medicine (1972)
  • Gairdner International Award (1977)
  • William A. Allan Award of American Society of Human Genetics (1977)
  • James Murray Luck Award, National Academy of Sciences (1982)
  • Sanremo International Prize for Genetic Research (1983)
  • International Pediatrics Hall of Fame, Miami Children's Hospital (1987)
  • Passano Award (1989)
  • George M. Kober Medal, American Association of Physicians (1990)
  • Albert Lasker Award for Special Achievement in Medical Science (1997)
  • National Medal of Science (2002)
Memberships and Fellowships:
  • Founder and first president, Human Genome Organization (HUGO)
  • Member, American Society of Clinical Investigation
  • Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • Member, Association of American Physicians
  • Member, American Clinical and Climatological Association
  • Member, American Society of Human Genetics
  • Member, National Academy of Sciences
  • Member, American Philosophical Society
  • Corresponding member, l’Academie Nationale de Medecine (France)
  • Master, American College of Physicians
  • Member, Institute of Medicine
  • Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences
  • Fellow, Royal College of Physicians of London
Honorary Degrees:
  • New York Medical College (1974)
  • University of Liverpool (1976)
  • University of Maine (1978)
  • Tufts University (1978)
  • University of Rochester (1979)
  • Medical University of South Carolina (1979)
  • Memorial University of Newfoundland (1979)
  • University of Helsinki (1981)
  • University of Edinburgh '(1984)
  • Medical College of Ohio (1988)
  • University of Aberdeen (1988)
  • Bates College (1989)
  • Tel Aviv University (1989)
  • University of Zurich (1990)
  • Colby College (1991)
  • University of Chicago (1991)
  • Mt. Sinai School of Medicine (1992)
  • Medical College of Wisconsin (1998)
  • University of Athens (1999)
  • Johns Hopkins University(2000)
  • Rockefeller University (2002)
  • McGill University (2006)
  • University of Bologna (2007)

( At the time of receipt of the Prize )

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