Laureates of the Japan Prize
The 1994 (10th) Japan Prize
Psychology and Psychiatry
Discovery of dopamine as a neurotransmitter and clarification of its role in mental and motor functions and their disorders
Dr. Arvid Carlsson (Sweden)
|Professor Emeritus, Gothenburg University
Born in 1923
Dr. Carlsson has made substantial contributions towards the clarification of the functions of dopamine in the brain. This has promoted causal treatment of Parkinson's disease. In 1988, he presented a modified hypothesis on schizophrenia. This showed a direction to understand schizophrenia as a putative transmitter imbalance syndrome and opened up new therapeutic strategies for Parkinson's disease. He has been an international leader in the field of neuropsychophamacology for three decades. His original and unique discoveries in dopamine research have led to a new understanding and new effective treatments for Schizophrenia and Parkinson's disease. He has made a great contribution to the development of psychology and psychiatry from the field of neuropsychopharmacology.