Laureates of the Japan Prize


Dr. Benoit B. Mandelbrot

2003 (19th) Japan Prize Laureate

Science and Technology of Complexity
Creation of universal concepts in complex systems-chaos and fractals
Commemorative Lecture
Fractals and the measurement of roughness
Nationality: USA
Date of Birth: 20 November 1924
Academic Degrees:
1947 Ingenieur diplome, Ecole Polytechnique, Paris
1948 California Institute of Technology, Master of Science
1949 California Institute of Technology, Professional Engineer in Aeronautics,
1952 Faculte des Sciences de Paris, Docteur d'Etat es Sciences Mathematiques
Professional Career:
1949-57 Staff member (Attache, then Charge, then Maitre de Recherches),
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, France
1957-58 Maitre de Conferences de Mathematiques Appliquees, Universite, Lille, France
Maitre de Conferences d'Analyse Mathematique, Ecole Polytechnique, Paris, France
1958-74 Research Staff Member,
IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights NY.
1974-93 IBM Fellow, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
1987-99 Abraham Robinson Adjunct Professor of Mathematical Sciences,
Yale University, New Haven, CT.
1993-present IBM Fellow Emeritus, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
1999-present Sterling Professor of Mathematical Sciences,
Mathematics Department: Yale University
Title: Sterling Professor of Mathematical Sciences, Mathematics Department, Yale University IBM Fellow Emeritus, TJ Watson Research Center, International Business Machines Corporation
Major Books and Papers:
  1. B.B.Mandelbrot, The Fractal Geometry of Nature, W.H.Freeman and Company (NewYork),1982.
  2. B.B.Mandelbrot, Fractals and Scaling in Finance: Discontinuity, Concentration, Risk, New York: Springer, 1997.
  3. B.B.Mandelbrot, Multifractals and 1/f Noise : Wild Self-Affinity in Physics, New York: Springer, 1999.
  4. B.B.Mandelbrot, Gaussian Self-Affinity & Fractals: Globality, the Earth, 1/f, & R/S, New York: Springer, 2002.
  5. M. L. Frame & B.B.Mandelbrot, Fractals, Graphics and Mathematical Education, Washington DC: Mathematical Association of America & Cambridge UK: The University Press, 2002.
  6. B.B.Mandelbrot, The variation of certain speculative prices. The Journal of Business of the University of Chicago: 36, 394-419. 1963.
  7. B.B.Mandelbrot, Random walks, fire damage amount, and other Paretian riskphenomena, Operations Research 12, 582-585, 1964.
  8. B.B.Mandelbrot, How long is the coast of Britain? Statistical self-similarity and fractional dimension, Science 155, 636-638, 1967.
  9. B.B.Mandelbrot, Some noises with 1/f spectrum, a bridge between direct current and white noise, IEEE Transactions on Information Theory 13, 289-298, 1967.
  10. B.B.Mandelbrot, A population birth and mutation process, I: Explicit distribution for the number of mutants in an old culture of bacteria, Journal of Applied Probability 11, 437-444, 1974.
  11. B.B.Mandelbrot, Intermittent turbulence in self-similar cascades; divergence of high moments and dimension of carrier, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 62, 331-358, 1974.
  12. B.B.Mandelbrot, Stochastic models for the Earth's relief, the shape and the fractal dimension of the coastlines, and the number-area rule of islands, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 72, 3825-3828, 1975.
  13. B.B.Mandelbrot, Fractal aspects of the iteration of z →λ z (1-z) for complex λ and z, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 357, 249-259, 1980.
Major Awards, Prizes, and Medals Received:
  • Barnard Medal for Meritorious Service to Science "Magna est Veritas:" (1985)
  • Franklin Medal for Signal and Eminent Service in Science (1986)
  • Charles Proteus Steinmetz Medal (1988)
  • Alumni Distinguished Service Award for Outstanding Achievement; Caltech (1988)
  • Senior Award (Humboldt Preis) (1988)
  • "Science for Art" Prize (1988)
  • Harvey Prize for Science and Technology (1989)
  • Nevada Prize (1991)
  • Wolf Foundation Prize for Physics (1993)
  • Honda Prize (1994)
  • Medaille de Vermeil: de la ville de Paris (1996)
  • John Scott Award (1999)
  • Lewis Fry Richardson Medal (1999)
  • William Procter Prize for Scientific Achievement: Sigma Xi (2002)
  • Foreign Associate, then Member, USA National Academy of Sciences
  • Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences
  • Foreign Member, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters
Memberships in Scientific Societies:
  • Member (honorary), Societe Physique de France.
  • Fellow, American Physical Society.
  • Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science.
  • Member, American Mathematical Society.

( At the time of receipt of the Prize )

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