Laureates of the Japan Prize


Sir John Houghton

2006 (22nd) Japan Prize Laureate

Global Change
For pioneeering research on atmospheric structure and composition based on his satellite observation technology and for promotion of international assessments of climate change
Commemorative Lecture
Global Warming, Climate Change and Sustainable Energy
Nationality: UK
Date of Birth: December 30 1931
Academic Degrees:
1951 Degrees-BA, Jesus College, Oxford
1955 MA, D. Phil, University of Oxford
Professional Career:
1958-1962 Lecturer in Atmospheric Physics, University of Oxford
1962-1976 Reader of Atmospheric Physics, University of Oxford
1976-1983 Professor of Atmospheric Physics, University of Oxford
1979-1983 Deputy Director, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
1983-1991 Director General (later Chief Executive), U.K. Meteorological Office
1992-1998 Chairman, Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution, U.K.
1991-present Honorary Scientist, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
1997-present Chairman, John Ray Initiative
2000- present Trustee, Shell Foundation
2002-present Honorary Scientist, Hadley Centre for Prediction and Research
Meteorological Office, Exeter
Title: Honorary Scientist, Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research and Formerly Chief Executive, Meteorological Office, U.K.
Major Publications:
  1. Infra-red emission from the stratosphere and mesosphere. Houghton, J. T. Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford, U.K. Proceedings of the Royal Society (London), Series A. (1965), 288 (1415): 545-555.
  2. Houghton, John Theodore. Infra-red physics, J.T. Houghton and S.D. Smith. Oxford U.K.: Clarendon Press, 1966.
  3. Absorption and emission by carbon-dioxide in the mesosphere. Houghton, J.T. Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford, U.K. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. (1969), 95 (403): 1-20.
  4. Houghton, John Theodore. The physics of atmospheres, John T. Houghton. Cambridge U.K.; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1977. (2nd ed 1986, 3rd ed 2002)
  5. The stratosphere and mesosphere--presidential address. Houghton, J.T. Department of Atmospheric Physics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. (January 1978), 104 (439): 1-29.
  6. Houghton, John Theodore. Remote sounding of atmospheres, J.T. Houghton, F.W. Taylor, C.D. Rodgers. Cambridge U.K.; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984. Series title: Cambridge planetary science series.
  7. The Global climate, edited by John T. Houghton. Cambridge U.K.; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984.
  8. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate change: the IPCC scientific assessment, edited by J.T. Houghton, G.J. Jenkins, and J.J. Ephraums. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
  9. Climate change, 1994: radiative forcing of climate change and an evaluationof the IPCC IS92 emission scenarios, edited by J.T. Houghton, L.G. Meira Filho, J. Bruce, Hoesung Lee, B.A. Callander, E. Haites, N. Harris and K. Maskell. Cambridge U.K.; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
  10. Houghton, John Theodore. Global warming: the complete briefing, John Houghton. 1st ed. Oxford, U.K.; Elgin, Illinois: Lion, 1994. [Runner up for the Sir Peter Kent Conservation Book Prize in 1994.] (2nd ed 1997, 3rd ed 2004)
  11. Climate change 2001: the scientific basis: contribution of Working Group I to the third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by J.T. Houghton, Y. Ding, D.J. Griggs, M. Noguer, P.J. van der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell, C.A. Johnson. Cambridge U.K.; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Major Awards:
  • Buchan Prize, Royal Meteorological Society (1966)
  • William Gaskell Medal, Royal Meteorological Society (1983)
  • Gold Medal, Remote Sensing Society (1984)
  • Symons Memorial Gold Medal, Royal Meteorological Society (1985)
  • Knight Bachelor (1991)
  • William Nordberg Medal, UN Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) (1991)
  • Global 500 Award, United Nations Environment Programme (1994)
  • Gold Medal, Royal Astronomical Society (1995)
  • International Meteorological Organization Prize (1998)
  • Christopher Ernest Barthel Jr Award, the International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Associations (IUAPPA) (1999)
Members and Professional Activities:
  • Fellow of the Royal Society of London (1972)
  • President, Royal Meteorological Society (1976-1978)
  • Chairman, Earth Observation Advisory Committee, European Space Agency (1981-1992)
  • Chairman, Joint Scientific Committee, World Climate Research Programme (1981-1984)
  • Member, Executive Council, World Meteorological Organization (1983-1991)
  • Vice President, World Meteorological Organization (1987-1991)
  • Chairman , Scientific Assessment Working Group Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (1988-2002)
  • Honorary Doctorate of Science, University of Wales (1991)
  • Chairman, Joint Scientific and Technical Committee for Global Climate Observing System (1992-1995)
  • Member, U.K. Government Panel on Sustainable Development (1994-2000)
  • Honorary Member, Royal Meteorological Society (1995)
  • Honorary Member, American Meteorological Society (1997)
  • Chancellor's Distinguished Lecture, University of California, Irvine (2001)
  • Prince Philip Lecture, Royal Society of Arts (2005)

( At the time of receipt of the Prize )

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