Laureates of the Japan Prize


Dr. Masao Ito

1996 Japan Prize Laureate

Elucidation of the functional principles and neural mechanisms of the cerebellum
Commemorative Lecture
Functional principles and neural mechanisms of the brain studied in the cerebellum
Nationality: Japan
Date of Birth: December 4,1928
Academic Degrees:
1953 Graduated from the Medical School.The University of Tokyo
Professional Career:
1954-57 Assistant Professor at Kumamoto University
1958-63 Assistant professor at The University of Tokyo
1963-70 Assoclate professor at The University of Tokyo
1970-Present Professor at The University of Tokyo
1986-88 Dean of Faculty of Medicine,The University of Tokyo
1989 Emeritus Professor of The University of Tokyo
1989 Frontier Research Program.The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN),Team Leader
1991 Diretor-General of Frontier Research of Program,RIKEN
1994 President of the Science Council of Japan
1959-62 Leave to Sir John Eccles' Laboratory at the Australian National University,Canberra
Title: Director-General, Frontier Research Program, The Insti tute of Physical and Chemical Research President, Science Council of Japan
Major Publications:

Major Books

  1. Ecclec,J.C., Ito,M. and Szentagothai,J., The Cerebellum as a Neuronal Machine. Springer-Veriag, 1967.
  2. Ito,M., Noh no Sekkeizu (Blueprints of the Brain), CHUOKORON-SHA.INC. Tokyo, 1984.
  3. Ito,M., The Cerebellum and Neural Control., Raven Press, New York, 1984.

Academic Papers

  1. M.Ito, The electrical activity of spinal ganglion cells investigated with intracellular microelectrodes, Jpn.J.Physiol., 7,297-323, 1957.
  2. M.Ito, P.G.Kostyuk and T.Oshima, Further study on anion permeability of inhibitory post-synaptic membrane of cat motoneurones., J.Physiol. (Lond.), 164, 150-156, 1962.
  3. M.Ito and T.Oshima, Electrical behavior of the motoneurone membrane during intracellularly applied current steps., J.Physiol (Lond.), 180, 607-635, 1965.
  4. Ito,M. and Yoshida,M., The Origin of cerebellar-induced inhibition of Deiters neurons., Exp.Brain.Res. 2,330-349,1966.
  5. Obata,K., Ito,M., Ochi,R. and Sato,N., Pharmacological properties of the postsynaptic Inhibition by Purkinje cell axons and the action of γ -aminobutyric add on Details neurons., Exp. Brain Res., 4, 43-57, 1967.
  6. Ito,M., Neural design of the cerebellar motor control system., Brain Res., 40, 81-84, 1972.
  7. Dufosse,M., Ito,M., Jastreboff,P.J. and Miyashita,Y., A neuronal correlate of rabbit's cerebellum to adaptive modification of the vestibuloocular refex., Brain Res., 150, 611-616, 1978.
  8. Ito,M., Cerebellar control of the vestibulo-ocular reflex-around the flocculus hypothesis., Annu.Rev.Neurosci., 5.275-296, 1982.
  9. Ito,M., Sakurai,M. and Tongroach.P., Climbing fibre-induced depression of both mossy fibre responsiveness and glutamate sensitivity of cerebellar Purkinje cells.,J.Physiol. (Lond.), 342, 113-134, 1982.
  10. Ito,M., Long-term depression., Annu.Rav.Neurosci., 12, 85-102, 1989.
  11. Nagao,S. and Ito,M., Subdural application of hemoglobin to the cerebellum blocks vestibuloocular reflex adaptation., Neuro Report 2, 193-198, 1991.
  12. Ito,M., Movement and thought: Identical control mechanisms by the cerebellum., Trends in Neuroscl., 16, 448-450, 1993.
  13. Nakazawa,K., Mikawa,S., Hashikawa,T. and Ito,M., Transient and persistent phosphorylation of AMPA-type glutamate receptor subunits in cerebellar Purkinje cells., Neuron 15, 697-709, 1995.
Major Honors:
  • Honorary member of American Physiological Society (1986)
  • Professor Emeritus,The University of Tokyo (1989)
  • Member of the Japan Academy (1989)
  • Foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Science (1989)
  • Foreign member of the American Academy of Science (1990)
  • Foreign member of the Royal Society (1992)
  • Barany Society (1994)
  • Japanese Physiological Society
  • Japan Neuroscience Society
  • Japanese Biophysics Society
  • Japan ME Society
  • Japanese Society of Equilibrium Study Society for Neuroscience
  • Barany Society

( At the time of receipt of the Prize )

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