2020 Japan Prize Laureates

Laureates of the Japan Prize

Achievement:
For pioneering research contributing to the development of mRNA vaccines

Prof. Katalin Karikó Prof. Drew Weissman

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2022 Japan Prize
"Materials and Production" field

Achievement:For pioneering research contributing to the development of mRNA vaccines

Prof. Katalin Karikó (Hungary, USA)

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2022 Japan Prize
"Materials and Production" field

Achievement:For pioneering research contributing to the development of mRNA vaccines

Prof. Drew Weissman (USA)

Profile

Achievement:
For outstanding contributions to estimation of global biospheric productivity and climate change science using advanced formulas based on observation

Prof. Christopher Field

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2022 Japan Prize
"Biological Production, Ecology/Environment" field

Achievement:For outstanding contributions to estimation of global biospheric productivity and climate change science using advanced formulas based on observation

Prof. Christopher Field (USA)

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Achievement:
Development of High-Efficiency Silicon Photovoltaic Devices

Prof. Martin A. Green

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2021 Japan Prize
"Resources, Energy, Environment, Social Infrastructure" field

Achievement:Development of High-Efficiency Silicon Photovoltaic Devices

Prof. Martin A. Green (Australia)

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Achievement:
For their pioneering work in conceptualizing a multi-step model of carcinogenesis and its application and impact on improving cancer diagnosis and therapy

Prof. Bert Vogelstein Dr. Robert A. Weinberg

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2021 Japan Prize
"Medical Science, Medicinal Science" field

Achievement:For their pioneering work in conceptualizing a multi-step model of carcinogenesis and its application and impact on improving cancer diagnosis and therapy

Prof. Bert Vogelstein (USA)

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2021 Japan Prize
"Medical Science, Medicinal Science" field

Achievement:For their pioneering work in conceptualizing a multi-step model of carcinogenesis and its application and impact on improving cancer diagnosis and therapy

Dr. Robert A. Weinberg (USA)

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Achievement:
Pioneering contribution to information and coding theory

Prof. Robert G. Gallager

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2020 Japan Prize
"Electronics, Information, Communication" field

Achievement:Pioneering contribution to information and coding theory

Prof. Robert G. Gallager (USA)

Profile

Achievement:
Pioneering contributions to paleoanthropology through decoding ancient human genome sequences

Dr. Svante Pääbo

Profile

2020 Japan Prize
"Life Science" field

Achievement:Pioneering contributions to paleoanthropology through decoding ancient human genome sequences

Dr. Svante Pääbo (Sweden)

Profile

Achievement:
Leading contributions to precision synthesis of helical polymers and development of practical chiral materials for separating chiral drugs

Prof. Yoshio Okamoto

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2019 Japan Prize
"Materials and Production" field

Achievement:Leading contributions to precision synthesis of helical polymers and development of practical chiral materials for separating chiral drugs

Prof. Yoshio Okamoto (Japan)

Profile

Achievement:
Sustainable soil management for global food security and mitigation of climate change

Prof. Rattan Lal

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2019 Japan Prize
"Biological Production, Ecology" field

Achievement:Sustainable soil management for global food security and mitigation of climate change

Prof. Rattan Lal (USA)

Profile

Achievement:
Development of lithium ion batteries

Dr. Akira Yoshino

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2018 Japan Prize
"Resources, Energy, Environment and Social Infrastructure" field

Achievement:Development of lithium ion batteries

Dr. Akira Yoshino (Japan)

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Achievement:
Discovery of B and T lymphocyte lineages and its impact on understanding disease pathology and therapeutic development

Dr. Max D. Cooper Dr. Jacques Miller

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2018 Japan Prize
"Medical Science, Medicinal Science" field

Achievement:Discovery of B and T lymphocyte lineages and its impact on understanding disease pathology and therapeutic development

Dr. Max D. Cooper (USA)

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2018 Japan Prize
"Medical Science, Medicinal Science" field

Achievement:Discovery of B and T lymphocyte lineages and its impact on understanding disease pathology and therapeutic development

Dr. Jacques Miller (Australia)

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Achievement:
Contribution to information security through pioneering research on cryptography

Dr. Adi Shamir

Profile

2017 Japan Prize
"Electronics, Information and Communication" field

Achievement:Contribution to information security through pioneering research on cryptography

Dr. Adi Shamir (Israel)

Profile

Achievement:
Elucidation of the genome editing mechanism by the CRISPR-Cas

Prof. Emmanuelle Charpentier Dr. Jennifer A. Doudna

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2017 Japan Prize
"Life Science" field

Achievement:Elucidation of the genome editing mechanism by the CRISPR-Cas

Prof. Emmanuelle Charpentier (France)

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2017 Japan Prize
"Life Science" field

Achievement:Elucidation of the genome editing mechanism by the CRISPR-Cas

Dr. Jennifer A. Doudna (USA)

Profile

Achievement:
Creation of unconventional inorganic materials with novel electronic functions based on nano-structure engineering

Dr. Hideo Hosono

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2016 Japan Prize
"Materials and Production" field

Achievement:Creation of unconventional inorganic materials with novel electronic functions based on nano-structure engineering

Dr. Hideo Hosono (Japan)

Profile

Achievement:
Contribution to modern crop breeding through research on development of molecular genetic analysis

Dr. Steven D. Tanksley

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2016 Japan Prize
"Biological Production and Biological Environment" field

Achievement:Contribution to modern crop breeding through research on development of molecular genetic analysis

Dr. Steven D. Tanksley (USA)

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Achievement:
Contribution to development of innovative concept on river basin management and reduction of water-related disasters

Dr. Yutaka Takahasi

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2015 Japan Prize
"Resources, Energy and Social Infrastructure" field

Achievement:Contribution to development of innovative concept on river basin management and reduction of water-related disasters

Dr. Yutaka Takahasi (Japan)

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Achievement:
Proposal of the concept of gene therapy and its clinical applications

Dr. Theodore Friedmann Prof. Alain Fischer

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2015 Japan Prize
"Medical Science and Medicinal Science" field

Achievement:Proposal of the concept of gene therapy and its clinical applications

Dr. Theodore Friedmann (USA)

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2015 Japan Prize
"Medical Science and Medicinal Science" field

Achievement:Proposal of the concept of gene therapy and its clinical applications

Prof. Alain Fischer (France)

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Achievement:
Pioneering research on semiconductor lasers for high-capacity long-distance optical fiber communication

Dr. Yasuharu Suematsu

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2014 Japan Prize
"Electronics, Information and Communication" field

Achievement:Pioneering research on semiconductor lasers for high-capacity long-distance optical fiber communication

Dr. Yasuharu Suematsu (Japan)

Profile

Achievement:
Discovery of histone modifications as fundamental regulators of gene expression

Dr. C. David Allis

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2014 Japan Prize
"Life Science" field

Achievement:Discovery of histone modifications as fundamental regulators of gene expression

Dr. C. David Allis (USA)

Profile

Achievement:
Development of chemically amplified resist polymer materials for innovative semiconductor manufacturing process

Prof. C. Grant Willson Prof. Jean M. J. Fréchet

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2013 Japan Prize
"Materials and Production" field

Achievement:Development of chemically amplified resist polymer materials for innovative semiconductor manufacturing process

Prof. C. Grant Willson (USA)

Profile

2013 Japan Prize
"Materials and Production" field

Achievement:Development of chemically amplified resist polymer materials for innovative semiconductor manufacturing process

Prof. Jean M. J. Fréchet (USA)

Profile

Achievement:
Contribution to marine environmental conservation through research on ecology and biodiversity of deep-sea organisms

Dr. John Frederick Grassle

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2013 Japan Prize
"Biological Production and Biological Environment" field

Achievement:Contribution to marine environmental conservation through research on ecology and biodiversity of deep-sea organisms

Dr. John Frederick Grassle (USA)

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Achievement:
Developing the world's highest performing Nd-Fe-B type permanent magnet and contributing to energy conservation

Dr. Masato Sagawa

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2012 Japan Prize
"Environment, Energy and Infrastructure" field

Achievement:Developing the world's highest performing Nd-Fe-B type permanent magnet and contributing to energy conservation

Dr. Masato Sagawa (Japan)

Profile

Achievement:
Development of a new therapeutic drug targeting cancer-specific molecules

Dr. Janet D. Rowley Dr. Brian J. Druker Dr. Nicholas B. Lydon

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2012 Japan Prize
"Healthcare and Medical Technology" field

Achievement:Development of a new therapeutic drug targeting cancer-specific molecules

Dr. Janet D. Rowley (USA)

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2012 Japan Prize
"Healthcare and Medical Technology" field

Achievement:Development of a new therapeutic drug targeting cancer-specific molecules

Dr. Brian J. Druker (USA)

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2012 Japan Prize
"Healthcare and Medical Technology" field

Achievement:Development of a new therapeutic drug targeting cancer-specific molecules

Dr. Nicholas B. Lydon (USA)

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Achievement:
Development of the operating system, UNIX

Dr. Dennis M. Ritchie Dr. Ken L. Thompson

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2011 Japan Prize
"Information and Communications" field

Achievement:Development of the operating system, UNIX

Dr. Dennis M. Ritchie (USA)

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2011 Japan Prize
"Information and Communications" field

Achievement:Development of the operating system, UNIX

Dr. Ken L. Thompson (USA)

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Achievement:
Discovery of interleukin-6 and its application in treating diseases

Dr. Tadamitsu Kishimoto Dr. Toshio Hirano

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2011 Japan Prize
"Bioscience and Medical Science" field

Achievement:Discovery of interleukin-6 and its application in treating diseases

Dr. Tadamitsu Kishimoto (Japan)

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2011 Japan Prize
"Bioscience and Medical Science" field

Achievement:Discovery of interleukin-6 and its application in treating diseases

Dr. Toshio Hirano (Japan)

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Achievement:
Contributions to high-density magnetic recording technology by the development of a perpendicular magnetic recording method

Prof. Shun-ichi Iwasaki

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2010 Japan Prize
"Industrial Production and Production Technology" field

Achievement:Contributions to high-density magnetic recording technology by the development of a perpendicular magnetic recording method

Prof. Shun-ichi Iwasaki (Japan)

Profile

Achievement:
Contributions to solving global environmental issues based on the analysis of nitrogen and other substances' cycles

Prof. Peter Vitousek

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2010 Japan Prize
"Biological Production and Environment" field

Achievement:Contributions to solving global environmental issues based on the analysis of nitrogen and other substances' cycles

Prof. Peter Vitousek (USA)

Profile

Achievement:
Contribution towards a sustainable world as founded in the 1972 Report titled The Limits to Growth

Dr. Dennis L. Meadows

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2009 Japan Prize
"Transformation towards a Sustainable Society in Harmony with Nature" field

Achievement:Contribution towards a sustainable world as founded in the 1972 Report titled The Limits to Growth

Dr. Dennis L. Meadows (USA)

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Achievement:
Contribution to tomographic imaging in nuclear medicine

Dr. David E. Kuhl

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2009 Japan Prize
"Technological Integration of Medical Science and Engineering" field

Achievement:Contribution to tomographic imaging in nuclear medicine

Dr. David E. Kuhl (USA)

Profile

Achievement:
Creation of network architecture and communication protocol for the Internet

Dr. Vinton G.Cerf Dr. Robert E.Kahn

Profile

2008 Japan Prize
"Information Communication Theory and Technology" field

Achievement:Creation of network architecture and communication protocol for the Internet

Dr. Vinton G.Cerf (USA)

Profile

2008 Japan Prize
"Information Communication Theory and Technology" field

Achievement:Creation of network architecture and communication protocol for the Internet

Dr. Robert E.Kahn (USA)

Profile

Achievement:
Establishment of medical genetics and contributions to its development

Dr. Victor A. McKusick

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2008 Japan Prize
"Medical Genomics and Genetics" field

Achievement:Establishment of medical genetics and contributions to its development

Dr. Victor A. McKusick (USA)

Profile

Achievement:
The discovery of Giant Magneto-Resistance(GMR) and its contribution to development of innovative spin-electronics devices

Prof. Albert Fert Prof. Dr. Peter Grünberg

Profile

2007 Japan Prize
"Innovative Devices Inspired by Basic Research" field

Achievement:The discovery of Giant Magneto-Resistance(GMR) and its contribution to development of innovative spin-electronics devices

Prof. Albert Fert (France)

Profile

2007 Japan Prize
"Innovative Devices Inspired by Basic Research" field

Achievement:The discovery of Giant Magneto-Resistance(GMR) and its contribution to development of innovative spin-electronics devices

Prof. Dr. Peter Grünberg (Germany)

Profile

Achievement:
Contribution to the conservation of tropical forest

Dr. Peter Shaw Ashton

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2007 Japan Prize
"Science and Technology of Harmonious Co-Existence" field

Achievement:Contribution to the conservation of tropical forest

Dr. Peter Shaw Ashton (UK)

Profile

Achievement:
For pioneeering research on atmospheric structure and composition based on his satellite observation technology and for promotion of international assessments of climate change

Sir John Houghton

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2006 Japan Prize
"Global Change" field

Achievement:For pioneeering research on atmospheric structure and composition based on his satellite observation technology and for promotion of international assessments of climate change

Sir John Houghton (UK)

Profile

Achievement:
The discovery of the statins and their development

Dr. Akira Endo

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2006 Japan Prize
"The Development of Novel Therapeutic Concepts and Technologies" field

Achievement:The discovery of the statins and their development

Dr. Akira Endo (Japan)

Profile

Achievement:
Pioneering contributions to natural language processing and intelligent image processing

Dr. Makoto Nagao

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2005 Japan Prize
"Information and Media Technology" field

Achievement:Pioneering contributions to natural language processing and intelligent image processing

Dr. Makoto Nagao (Japan)

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Achievement:
Fundamental contribution in elucidating the molecular mechanisms of cell adhesion

Dr. Masatoshi Takeichi Dr. Erkki Ruoslahti

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2005 Japan Prize
"Cell Biology" field

Achievement:Fundamental contribution in elucidating the molecular mechanisms of cell adhesion

Dr. Masatoshi Takeichi (Japan)

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2005 Japan Prize
"Cell Biology" field

Achievement:Fundamental contribution in elucidating the molecular mechanisms of cell adhesion

Dr. Erkki Ruoslahti (USA)

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Achievement:
Pioneering work on photochemical catalysis and its application for the environment

Dr. Kenichi Honda Dr. Akira Fujishima

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2004 Japan Prize
"Chemical Technology for the Environment" field

Achievement:Pioneering work on photochemical catalysis and its application for the environment

Dr. Kenichi Honda (Japan)

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2004 Japan Prize
"Chemical Technology for the Environment" field

Achievement:Pioneering work on photochemical catalysis and its application for the environment

Dr. Akira Fujishima (Japan)

Profile

Achievement:
Contributions to the understanding of shelf ecosystems and their sustainable utilization

Dr. Keith J. Sainsbury

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2004 Japan Prize
"Food Production Based on Ecosystem Concepts" field

Achievement:Contributions to the understanding of shelf ecosystems and their sustainable utilization

Dr. Keith J. Sainsbury (New Zealand)

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Achievement:
Observational, experimental and theoretical achievements for the scientific understanding and conservation of biodiversity

Prof. John H. Lawton

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2004 Japan Prize
"Science and Technology for Conservation of Biodiversity" field

Achievement:Observational, experimental and theoretical achievements for the scientific understanding and conservation of biodiversity

Prof. John H. Lawton (UK)

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Achievement:
Creation of universal concepts in complex systems-chaos and fractals

Dr. Benoit B. Mandelbrot Dr. James A. Yorke

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2003 Japan Prize
"Science and Technology of Complexity" field

Achievement:Creation of universal concepts in complex systems-chaos and fractals

Dr. Benoit B. Mandelbrot (USA)

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2003 Japan Prize
"Science and Technology of Complexity" field

Achievement:Creation of universal concepts in complex systems-chaos and fractals

Dr. James A. Yorke (USA)

Profile

Achievement:
Discovery of the principle for functional magnetic resonance imaging

Dr. Seiji Ogawa

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2003 Japan Prize
"Visualizing Techniques in Medicine" field

Achievement:Discovery of the principle for functional magnetic resonance imaging

Dr. Seiji Ogawa (Japan)

Profile

Achievement:
Advancement of civilization through invention, implementation and deployment of the world wide web

Dr. Timothy John Berners-Lee

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2002 Japan Prize
"Computing and Computational Science and Engineering" field

Achievement:Advancement of civilization through invention, implementation and deployment of the world wide web

Dr. Timothy John Berners-Lee (UK)

Profile

Achievement:
Pioneering work on mammalian embryonic development

Dr. Anne McLaren Dr. Andrzej K. Tarkowski

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2002 Japan Prize
"Developmental Biology" field

Achievement:Pioneering work on mammalian embryonic development

Dr. Anne McLaren (UK)

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2002 Japan Prize
"Developmental Biology" field

Achievement:Pioneering work on mammalian embryonic development

Dr. Andrzej K. Tarkowski (Poland)

Profile

Achievement:
Discovery of environmentally benign electrode materials for high energy density rechargeable lithium batteries

Dr. John B. Goodenough

Profile

2001 Japan Prize
"Science and Technology of Environment Conscious Materials" field

Achievement:Discovery of environmentally benign electrode materials for high energy density rechargeable lithium batteries

Dr. John B. Goodenough (USA)

Profile

Achievement:
Contribution to the development of biological / fisheries oceanography and for conservation of fishery resources and marine environment

Dr. Timothy R. Parsons

Profile

2001 Japan Prize
"Marine Biology" field

Achievement:Contribution to the development of biological / fisheries oceanography and for conservation of fishery resources and marine environment

Dr. Timothy R. Parsons (Canada)

Profile

Achievement:
Establishment of an ecological city planning process and proposal of a land use evaluation system

Prof. Ian L. McHarg

Profile

2000 Japan Prize
"City Planning" field

Achievement:Establishment of an ecological city planning process and proposal of a land use evaluation system

Prof. Ian L. McHarg (USA)

Profile

Achievement:
Discovery of Immunoglobulin E and mechanisms of IgE-mediated allergic reactions

Dr. Kimishige Ishizaka

Profile

2000 Japan Prize
"Host Defense" field

Achievement:Discovery of Immunoglobulin E and mechanisms of IgE-mediated allergic reactions

Dr. Kimishige Ishizaka (Japan)

Profile

Achievement:
Establishment of coding theory for reliable digital communication, broadcasting and storage

Dr. W. Wesley Peterson

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1999 Japan Prize
"Information Technologies" field

Achievement:Establishment of coding theory for reliable digital communication, broadcasting and storage

Dr. W. Wesley Peterson (USA)

Profile

Achievement:
Elucidation of the three-dimensional structures of class I and class II human histocompatibility antigens and their bound peptides

Dr. Jack L. Strominger Dr. Don C. Wiley

Profile

1999 Japan Prize
"Molecular Recognition and Dynamics in Bioscience" field

Achievement:Elucidation of the three-dimensional structures of class I and class II human histocompatibility antigens and their bound peptides

Dr. Jack L. Strominger (USA)

Profile

1999 Japan Prize
"Molecular Recognition and Dynamics in Bioscience" field

Achievement:Elucidation of the three-dimensional structures of class I and class II human histocompatibility antigens and their bound peptides

Dr. Don C. Wiley (USA)

Profile

Achievement:
For the creation and realization of the concept of man-made superlattice crystals which lead to generation of new materials with useful applications

Dr. Leo Esaki

Profile

1998 Japan Prize
"Generation and Design of New Materials Creating Novel Functions" field

Achievement:For the creation and realization of the concept of man-made superlattice crystals which lead to generation of new materials with useful applications

Dr. Leo Esaki (Japan)

Profile

Achievement:
Establishment of the theory and method of the production of transgenic plants

Prof. Dr. Jozef S. Schell Dr. Marc C.E. Van Montagu

Profile

1998 Japan Prize
"Biotechnology in Agricultural Sciences" field

Achievement:Establishment of the theory and method of the production of transgenic plants

Prof. Dr. Jozef S. Schell (Belgium)

Profile

1998 Japan Prize
"Biotechnology in Agricultural Sciences" field

Achievement:Establishment of the theory and method of the production of transgenic plants

Dr. Marc C.E. Van Montagu (Belgium)

Profile

Achievement:
Establishment of the robot industry and creation of a techno-global paradigm

Dr. Joseph F. Engelberger Dr. Hiroyuki Yoshikawa

Profile

1997 Japan Prize
"Systems Engineering for an Artifactual Environment" field

Achievement:Establishment of the robot industry and creation of a techno-global paradigm

Dr. Joseph F. Engelberger (USA)

Profile

1997 Japan Prize
"Systems Engineering for an Artifactual Environment" field

Achievement:Establishment of the robot industry and creation of a techno-global paradigm

Dr. Hiroyuki Yoshikawa (Japan)

Profile

Achievement:
Contribution to establishment of fundamental concept on causes of cancer

Dr. Takashi Sugimura Dr. Bruce N. Ames

Profile

1997 Japan Prize
"Biotechnology in Medicine" field

Achievement:Contribution to establishment of fundamental concept on causes of cancer

Dr. Takashi Sugimura (Japan)

Profile

1997 Japan Prize
"Biotechnology in Medicine" field

Achievement:Contribution to establishment of fundamental concept on causes of cancer

Dr. Bruce N. Ames (USA)

Profile

Achievement:
For pioneering research on wideband, low-loss optical fiber communications

Dr. Charles K. Kao

Profile

1996 Japan Prize
"Information, Computer and Communication Systems" field

Achievement:For pioneering research on wideband, low-loss optical fiber communications

Dr. Charles K. Kao (USA)

Profile

Achievement:
Elucidation of the functional principles and neural mechanisms of the cerebellum

Dr. Masao Ito

Profile

1996 Japan Prize
"Neuroscience" field

Achievement:Elucidation of the functional principles and neural mechanisms of the cerebellum

Dr. Masao Ito (Japan)

Profile

Achievement:
Outstanding contributions to research and practical applications of light emitting diodes and lasers through pioneering achievements in the understanding of physical principles and in the process technology of intermetallic compound semiconductors

Dr. Nick Holonyak, Jr.

Profile

1995 Japan Prize
"Materials Processing Technologies" field

Achievement:Outstanding contributions to research and practical applications of light emitting diodes and lasers through pioneering achievements in the understanding of physical principles and in the process technology of intermetallic compound semiconductors

Dr. Nick Holonyak, Jr. (USA)

Achievement:
Pioneer contributions in the development of integrated pest management by the sterile insect release method and other biological approaches

Dr. Edward F. Knipling

Profile

1995 Japan Prize
"Science and Technology for Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery which conserves the Environment" field

Achievement:Pioneer contributions in the development of integrated pest management by the sterile insect release method and other biological approaches

Dr. Edward F. Knipling (USA)

Achievement:
Inspirational leadership in unmanned lunar and planetary exploration, and for pioneering achievements in the development of spacecraft and deep space communications

Dr. William Hayward Pickering

Profile

1994 Japan Prize
"Aerospace Technologies" field

Achievement:Inspirational leadership in unmanned lunar and planetary exploration, and for pioneering achievements in the development of spacecraft and deep space communications

Dr. William Hayward Pickering (USA)

Achievement:
Discovery of dopamine as a neurotransmitter and clarification of its role in mental and motor functions and their disorders

Dr. Arvid Carlsson

Profile

1994 Japan Prize
"Psychology and Psychiatry" field

Achievement:Discovery of dopamine as a neurotransmitter and clarification of its role in mental and motor functions and their disorders

Dr. Arvid Carlsson (Sweden)

Achievement:
Development of modern seismology and advancement of international cooperation in disaster science

Dr. Frank Press

Profile

1993 Japan Prize
"Safety Engineering and Disaster Mitigation" field

Achievement:Development of modern seismology and advancement of international cooperation in disaster science

Dr. Frank Press (USA)

Achievement:
Development of the polymerase chain reaction

Dr. Kary B. Mullis

Profile

1993 Japan Prize
"Molecular and Cellular Technology in Medicine" field

Achievement:Development of the polymerase chain reaction

Dr. Kary B. Mullis (USA)

Achievement:
Contributions to the new development of the chemistry and physics of solid surfaces

Prof. Dr. Gerhard Ertl

Profile

1992 Japan Prize
"Science and Technology of Material Interfaces" field

Achievement:Contributions to the new development of the chemistry and physics of solid surfaces

Prof. Dr. Gerhard Ertl (Germany)

Achievement:
Discovery of method of the cryopreservation of semen and embryos in farm animals

Prof. Ernest John Christopher Polge

Profile

1992 Japan Prize
"Science and Technology for Biological Production" field

Achievement:Discovery of method of the cryopreservation of semen and embryos in farm animals

Prof. Ernest John Christopher Polge (UK)

Achievement:
Contributions to analysis and control of distributed systems, and to promotion of applied analysis

Dr. Jacques-Louis Lions

Profile

1991 Japan Prize
"Applied Mathematics" field

Achievement:Contributions to analysis and control of distributed systems, and to promotion of applied analysis

Dr. Jacques-Louis Lions (France)

Achievement:
Development of ultrasound imaging in medicine

Dr. John Julian Wild

Profile

1991 Japan Prize
"Imaging Techniques in Medicine" field

Achievement:Development of ultrasound imaging in medicine

Dr. John Julian Wild (USA)

Achievement:
Establishment of an academic field named Artificial Intelligence and the proposal of fundamental theories in that field

Dr. Marvin Minsky

Profile

1990 Japan Prize
"Technology of Integration- Design, Production and Control Technologies" field

Achievement:Establishment of an academic field named Artificial Intelligence and the proposal of fundamental theories in that field

Dr. Marvin Minsky (USA)

Achievement:
Initiation of the theory of plate tectonics and contributions to its development

Dr. William Jason Morgan Dr. Dan Peter McKenzie Dr. Xavier Le Pichon

Profile

1990 Japan Prize
"Earth Science" field

Achievement:Initiation of the theory of plate tectonics and contributions to its development

Dr. William Jason Morgan (USA)

1990 Japan Prize
"Earth Science" field

Achievement:Initiation of the theory of plate tectonics and contributions to its development

Dr. Dan Peter McKenzie (UK)

1990 Japan Prize
"Earth Science" field

Achievement:Initiation of the theory of plate tectonics and contributions to its development

Dr. Xavier Le Pichon (France)

Achievement:
Studies on the mechanisms of stratospheric ozone depletion by chlorofluorocarbons

Dr. Frank Sherwood Rowland

Profile

1989 Japan Prize
"Environmental Science and Technology" field

Achievement:Studies on the mechanisms of stratospheric ozone depletion by chlorofluorocarbons

Dr. Frank Sherwood Rowland (USA)

Achievement:
Pioneering contributions to the syntheses of prostaglandins and their related compounds which are of great therapeutic value

Dr. Elias James Corey

Profile

1989 Japan Prize
"Medicinal Science" field

Achievement:Pioneering contributions to the syntheses of prostaglandins and their related compounds which are of great therapeutic value

Dr. Elias James Corey (USA)

Achievement:
Establishment of fast breeder reactor technology

Dr. Georges Vendryes

Profile

1988 Japan Prize
"Energy Technology" field

Achievement:Establishment of fast breeder reactor technology

Dr. Georges Vendryes (France)

Achievement:
The eradication of smallpox

Dr. Donald A. Henderson Dr. Isao Arita Dr. Frank Fenner

Profile

1988 Japan Prize
"Preventative Medicine" field

Achievement:The eradication of smallpox

Dr. Donald A. Henderson (USA)

1988 Japan Prize
"Preventative Medicine" field

Achievement:The eradication of smallpox

Dr. Isao Arita (Japan)

1988 Japan Prize
"Preventative Medicine" field

Achievement:The eradication of smallpox

Dr. Frank Fenner (Australia)

Achievement:
Discovery of the AIDS causing virus and development of diagnostic methods

Dr. Luc Montagnier Dr. Robert C. Gallo

Profile

1988 Japan Prize
"Preventative Medicine" field

Achievement:Discovery of the AIDS causing virus and development of diagnostic methods

Dr. Luc Montagnier (France)

1988 Japan Prize
"Preventative Medicine" field

Achievement:Discovery of the AIDS causing virus and development of diagnostic methods

Dr. Robert C. Gallo (USA)

Achievement:
Realization of the world's first laser

Dr. Theodore H. Maiman

Profile

1987 Japan Prize
"Electro-Optics" field

Achievement:Realization of the world's first laser

Dr. Theodore H. Maiman (USA)

Achievement:
Development of the IR8 and IR36 strains for rice breeding strategies geared to the tropical and subtropical zones

Dr. Henry M. Beachell Dr. Gurdev S. Khush

Profile

1987 Japan Prize
"Improvement of Biological Functions" field

Achievement:Development of the IR8 and IR36 strains for rice breeding strategies geared to the tropical and subtropical zones

Dr. Henry M. Beachell (USA)

1987 Japan Prize
"Improvement of Biological Functions" field

Achievement:Development of the IR8 and IR36 strains for rice breeding strategies geared to the tropical and subtropical zones

Dr. Gurdev S. Khush (India)

Achievement:
Pioneering contributions to materials science with impact on new materials technology such as amorphous solids

Dr. David Turnbull

Profile

1986 Japan Prize
"Materials Science and Technology" field

Achievement:Pioneering contributions to materials science with impact on new materials technology such as amorphous solids

Dr. David Turnbull (USA)

Achievement:
Research and development of artificial organs and their relevant technology

Dr. Willem J. Kolff

Profile

1986 Japan Prize
"Medical Technology" field

Achievement:Research and development of artificial organs and their relevant technology

Dr. Willem J. Kolff (USA)

Achievement:
Outstanding achievement in the field of electronics and communications technologies

Dr. John R. Pierce

Profile

1985 Japan Prize
"Information and Communications" field

Achievement:Outstanding achievement in the field of electronics and communications technologies

Dr. John R. Pierce (USA)

Achievement:
Outstanding achievement in basic theory in the field of immobilized enzymes and their practical applications

Dr. Ephraim Katchalski-Katzir

Profile

1985 Japan Prize
"Biotechnology" field

Achievement:Outstanding achievement in basic theory in the field of immobilized enzymes and their practical applications

Dr. Ephraim Katchalski-Katzir (Israel)

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