Laureates of the Japan Prize


Dr. Andrzej K. Tarkowski

2002 (18th) Japan Prize Laureate

Developmental Biology
Pioneering work on mammalian embryonic development
Commemorative Lecture
Flexibility and patterning in early mammalian development: a dilemmafor embryologists
Nationality: Poland
Date of Birth: 1933
Academic Degrees:
1955 M.Sc. Warsaw University
1959 Ph.D. Warsaw University
1964 Dr. habil. (D.Sc.) Warsaw University
Professional Career:
1955-64 Assistant and adjunct in the Institute of Zoology, Warsaw University
1960-61 Fellow of the Rockefeller Foundation (UK)
1964-78 Associate Professor, Warsaw University
1964-Present Present Head of Department of Embryology, Warsaw University
1972-81 Director of the Institute of Zoology, Warsaw University
1978-Present Present Ordinary Professor, Warsaw University
1984-85 Visiting Professor of the Royal Society
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford (UK)
1987-Present Present Director of the Institute of Zoology, Warsaw University
Title: Director of the Institute of Zoology, Warsaw University
Major Publications and Scientific Papers:
  1. Tarkowski, A.K. (1959) Experiments on the development of isolated blastomeres of mouse eggs. Nature 184, 1286-1287
  2. Tarkowski, A.K. (1961) Mouse chimaeras developed from fused eggs. Nature 190, 857-860.
  3. Tarkowski, A.K. (1966) An air-drying method for chromosome preparations from mouse eggs. Cytogenetics 5, 394-400.
  4. Tarkowski, A.K. and Wroblewska, J. (1967) Development of blastomeres of mouse eggs isolated at the 4- and 8-cell stage. J. Embryol. exp. Morph., 18, 155-180.
  5. Tarkowski,A.K., Witkowska, A., and Nowicka, J. (1970) Experimental parthenogenesis in the mouse. Nature 226, 162-165.
  6. Tarkowski, A.K. and Rossant, J. (1976) Haploid mouse blastocysts developed from bisected zygotes. Nature 259, 663-665.
  7. Tarkowski, A.K., Witkowska, A. and Opas, J. (1977) Development of cytochalasin B-induced tetraploid and diploid/tetraploid mosaic mouse embryos. J. Embryol. exp. Morph. 41, 47-64.
  8. Czolowska, R., Modlinski, J.A. and Tarkowski, A.K. (1984) Behaviour of thymocyte nuclei in non-activated and activated mouse oocytes. J. Cell Sci. 69, 19-34.
Major Awards and Honors Received:
  • Albert Brachet Prize of the Royal Academy of Belgium "for research in experimental mammalian embryology" (1980)
  • Polish National Award "for research in mammalian embryology" (1980)
  • Alfred Jurzykowski Foundation (USA) Award "in recognition of pioneering work in the field of mammalian embryology and new techniques in analysing chromosome abnormalities in mammals" (1984)
  • Embryo Transfer Pioneer Award, International Embryo Transfer Society (1991)
  • Doctor honoris causa of the Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland (2000)
Membership in Academic Institutions and Societies:
  • Member of the Polish Academy of Sciences (1974 -)
  • Foreign Member of the French Academy of Sciences (1984 -)
  • Member of the Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences (1990 -)
  • Member of the Academia Europaea (1991-)

( At the time of receipt of the Prize )

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