Japan Prize Laureates

Laureates of the Japan Prize

Sir John Houghton

Sir John Houghton

  • Nationality:
  • Date of Birth:
    30 December 1931

Outline of Achievements

Outline of Achievements

The 2006 Japan Prize

  • Field:
    Global Change
  • Achievement:
    For pioneeering research on atmospheric structure and composition based on his satellite observation technology and for promotion of international assessments of climate change
  • Lecture:
    Global Warming, Climate Change and Sustainable Energy

Major Awards

1966 Buchan Prize, Royal Meteorological Society
1983 William Gaskell Medal, Royal Meteorological Society
1984 Gold Medal, Remote Sensing Society
1985 Symons Memorial Gold Medal, Royal Meteorological Society
1991 Knight Bachelor
1991 William Nordberg Medal, UN Committee on Space Research (COSPAR)
1994 Global 500 Award, United Nations Environment Programme
1995 Gold Medal, Royal Astronomical Society
1998 International Meteorological Organization Prize
1999 Christopher Ernest Barthel Jr Award, the International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Associations (IUAPPA)

Members and Professional Activities

1972 Fellow of the Royal Society of London
1976-1978 President, Royal Meteorological Society
1981-1992 Chairman, Earth Observation Advisory Committee, European Space Agency
1981-1984 Chairman, Joint Scientific Committee, World Climate Research Programme
1983-1991 Member, Executive Council, World Meteorological Organization
1987-1991 Vice President, World Meteorological Organization
1988-2002 Chairman , Scientific Assessment Working Group Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
1991 Honorary Doctorate of Science, University of Wales
1992-1995 Chairman, Joint Scientific and Technical Committee for Global Climate Observing System
1994-2000 Member, U.K. Government Panel on Sustainable Development
1995 Honorary Member, Royal Meteorological Society
1997 Honorary Member, American Meteorological Society
2001 Chancellor's Distinguished Lecture, University of California, Irvine
2005 Prince Philip Lecture, Royal Society of Arts

Academic Degrees

1951 Degrees-BA, Jesus College, Oxford
1955 MA, D. Phil, University of Oxford

Professional Career

1958-1962 Lecturer in Atmospheric Physics, University of Oxford
1962-1976 Reader of Atmospheric Physics, University of Oxford
1976-1983 Professor of Atmospheric Physics, University of Oxford
1979-1983 Deputy Director, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
1983-1991 Director General (later Chief Executive), U.K. Meteorological Office
1992-1998 Chairman, Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution, U.K.
1991-present Honorary Scientist, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
1997-present Chairman, John Ray Initiative
2000- present Trustee, Shell Foundation
2002-present Honorary Scientist, Hadley Centre for Prediction and Research
Meteorological Office, Exeter


  • Honorary Scientist, Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research and Formerly Chief Executive, Meteorological Office, U.K.

Major Publications

  • Infra-red emission from the stratosphere and mesosphere. Houghton, J. T. Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford, U.K. Proceedings of the Royal Society (London), Series A. (1965), 288 (1415): 545-555.
  • Houghton, John Theodore. Infra-red physics, J.T. Houghton and S.D. Smith. Oxford U.K.: Clarendon Press, 1966.
  • Absorption and emission by carbon-dioxide in the mesosphere. Houghton, J.T. Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford, U.K. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. (1969), 95 (403): 1-20.
  • Houghton, John Theodore. The physics of atmospheres, John T. Houghton. Cambridge U.K.; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1977. (2nd ed 1986, 3rd ed 2002)
  • The stratosphere and mesosphere--presidential address. Houghton, J.T. Department of Atmospheric Physics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. (January 1978), 104 (439): 1-29.
  • Houghton, John Theodore. Remote sounding of atmospheres, J.T. Houghton, F.W. Taylor, C.D. Rodgers. Cambridge U.K.; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984. Series title: Cambridge planetary science series.
  • The Global climate, edited by John T. Houghton. Cambridge U.K.; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984.
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate change: the IPCC scientific assessment, edited by J.T. Houghton, G.J. Jenkins, and J.J. Ephraums. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
  • Climate change, 1994: radiative forcing of climate change and an evaluationof the IPCC IS92 emission scenarios, edited by J.T. Houghton, L.G. Meira Filho, J. Bruce, Hoesung Lee, B.A. Callander, E. Haites, N. Harris and K. Maskell. Cambridge U.K.; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
  • Houghton, John Theodore. Global warming: the complete briefing, John Houghton. 1st ed. Oxford, U.K.; Elgin, Illinois: Lion, 1994. [Runner up for the Sir Peter Kent Conservation Book Prize in 1994.] (2nd ed 1997, 3rd ed 2004)
  • Climate change 2001: the scientific basis: contribution of Working Group I to the third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by J.T. Houghton, Y. Ding, D.J. Griggs, M. Noguer, P.J. van der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell, C.A. Johnson. Cambridge U.K.; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
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