Laureates of the Japan Prize

Year Field Photo Name (b.-d.) Achievements
[Nationality]Affiliation (Titles at the time)

1999
(15th)
lectures
Information Technologies Photo Dr. W. Wesley Peterson (1924-2009) Establishment of coding theory for reliable digital communication, broadcasting and storage
[USA] Professor of Information and Computer Sciences, University of Hawaii at Manoa
Molecular Recognition and Dynamics in Bioscience Photo Dr. Jack L. Strominger (1925-) Elucidation of the three-dimensional structures of class I and class II human histocompatibility antigens and their bound peptides (Joint Award)
[USA] Higgins Professor of Biochmistry, Harvard University
Photo Dr. Don C. Wiley (1944-2001)
[USA] John L. Loeb Professor of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Harvard University
         
1998
(14th)
lectures
Generation and Design of New Materials Creating Novel Functions Photo Dr. Leo Esaki (1925-) For the creation and realization of the concept of man-made superlattice crystals which lead to generation of new materials with useful applications
[Japan] Former President, University of Tsukuba
Biotechnology in Agricultural Sciences Photo Prof. Dr. Jozef S. Schell (1935-2003) Establishment of the theory and method of the production of transgenic plants (Joint Award)
[Belgium] Director, Department of Genetic Principles of Plant Breeding, Max-Planck-Institute für Züechtungsforschung, Germany
Photo Dr. Marc C.E. Van Montagu (1933-)
[Belgium] Professor, Department of Genetics, University of Ghent, Belguim
         
1997
(13th)
lectures

Systems Engineering for an Artifactual Environment

Photo Dr. Joseph F. Engelberger (1925-2015)

Establishment of the robot industry and creation of a techno-global paradigm (Joint Award)

[USA] Chairman and Director, HelpMate Robotics Inc.

Photo Dr. Hiroyuki Yoshikawa (1933-)
[Japan] Former President, The University of Tokyo

Biotechnology in Medicine

Photo Dr. Takashi Sugimura (1926-)

Contribution to establishment of fundamental concept on causes of cancer (Joint Award)

[Japan] President Emer itus of National Cancer Center and President of Toho University
Photo Dr. Bruce N. Ames (1928-)

[USA] Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of California, Berkeley

         
1996
(12th)
lectures
Information, Computer and Communication Systems Photo Dr. Charles K. Kao (1933-) For pioneering research on wideband, low-loss optical fiber communications
[USA] Vice-Chancellor and President, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Neuroscience Photo Dr. Masao Ito (1928-) Elucidation of the functional principles and neural mechanisms of the cerebellum
[Japan]Director-General, Frontier Research Program, The Insti tute of Physical and Chemical Research
President, Science Council of Japan
         
1995
(11th)
lectures
Materials Processing Technologies Photo Dr. Nick Holonyak, Jr. (1928-) Outstanding contributions to research and practical applications of light emitting diodes and lasers through pioneering achievements in the understanding of physical principles and in the process technology of intermetallic compound semiconductors
[USA] Professor, Center for Advanced Study, John Bardeen Chair Professor, University of Illinois
Science and Technology for Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery which conserves the Environment Photo Dr. Edward F. Knipling (1909-2000) Pioneer contributions in the development of integrated pest management by the sterile insect release method and other biological approaches
[USA] Retired Director, Entomology Research Division, Agricultural Research Service
         
1994
(10th)
lectures
Aerospace Technologies Photo Dr. William Hayward Pickering (1910-2004) Inspirational leadership in unmanned lunar and planetary exploration, and for pioneering achievements in the development of spacecraft and deep space communications
[USA] Professor Emeritus of the California Institute of Technology
Psychology and Psychiatry Photo Dr. Arvid Carlsson (1923-) Discovery of dopamine as a neurotransmitter and clarification of its role in mental and motor functions and their disorders
[Sweden] Professor Emeritus, Gothenburg University
         
1993
(9th)
lectures
Safety Engineering and Disaster Mitigation Photo Dr. Frank Press (1924-) Development of modern seismology and advancement of international cooperation in disaster science
[USA] President of U.S. National Academy of Sciences
Molecular and Cellular Technology in Medicine Photo Dr. Kary B. Mullis (1944-) Development of the polymerase chain reaction
[USA] Founder and Vice President Research, Atomic Tags, Inc.
         
1992
(8th)
lectures
Science and Technology of Material Interfaces Photo Prof. Dr. Gerhard Ertl (1936-) Contributions to the new development of the chemistry and physics of solid surfaces
[Germany] Director of Fritz-Haber Institute of Max Planck Society, Honorary Professor at the Free University Berlin and at the Technical University Berlin
Science and Technology for Biological Production Photo Prof. Ernest John Christopher Polge
(1926-2006)
Discovery of method of the cryopreservation of semen and embryos in farm animals
[UK] The Scientific Director of Animal Biotechnology Cambridge Ltd.
         
1991
(7th)
lectures
Applied Mathematics Photo Dr. Jacques-Louis Lions (1928-2001) Contributions to analysis and control of distributed systems, and to promotion of applied analysis
[France] The Chairman of Analysis and Systems Control at the Collège de France and the President of National Center of Space Studies
Imaging Techniques in Medicine Photo Dr. John Julian Wild (1914-2009) Development of ultrasound imaging in medicine
[USA] M.D., Ph.D., FAIUM, Head, Physicomedical Institute, Minneapolis
         
1990
(6th)
lectures
Technology of Integration- Design, Production and Control Technologies Photo Dr. Marvin Minsky (1927-2016) Establishment of an academic field named Artificial Intelligence and the proposal of fundamental theories in that field
[USA] Professor of Electrical Engineering, MIT
Earth Science Photo Dr. William Jason Morgan (1935-) Initiation of the theory of plate tectonics and contributions to its development (Joint Award)
[USA] Professor at Princeton University
Photo Dr. Dan Peter McKenzie (1942-)
[UK] Professor at Cambridge University
Photo Dr. Xavier Le Pichon (1937-)
[France] Directeur du Départment de Géologie, Ecole Normale Supérieure

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